23. Helmikuuta 2011

Keskiviikko Merkuriuksen päivä
Salli, Salla, Bjarne (Nyk. Aslak)
Tertullian 1662
Tertullianus 1710
Tero 1929
Salli 1950
Salla 1950
Aslak 1973

Kuu on skorpionissa. Kuun vaihe: Vähenevä kuu. Kolmas neljännes.
Aurinko on Kalojen merkissä, mutta Vesimiehen tähdistössä. Aurinko nousee Helsingissä 7.38 ja laskee 17.31.
Aurinko nousee Vartiovaarassa 7.41 ja laskee 17.23.

Väri: Topaasi
Suitsuke: Laventeli

Tänään:
Pyhän Polykarpoksen muistopäivä
Katolilaisilla Peter Damian
Luterilaisilla Polykarpos, Smyrnan piispa, marttyyri 156
Episkopaaleilla Polykarpos, Piispa ja Smyrnan marttyyri, 156
Mayakalenteri : 12.19.18.2.13 – 13. Ben – 6. Zip
Kristillisen yhteisön Rukoiluviikko
Bhutanissa Chorten Kora

Tämä päivä historiassa
23.2.1950 Englanti ja Suomi solmivat sahatavarasopimuksen
23.2.1950 Suomen hiihtomestaruuskilpailut alkoivat Mikkelissä

Tänään Luonto:
Hyvä kukkakasvien kylvö- ja istutuspäivä

Sääennusteet:
Helmikuu helistelee, maaliskuu maan näyttää, huhtikuu humahuttaa, toukokuu tomahuttaa.

Helmikuun toinen silmä vihasta vinkuu, toinen vettä vuotaa.

Kaimalkuu kaivot kuivaa.
Vaahtokuu kaivot kuivaa.

Helmikuun helpot päivät maaliskuulla maksetaan.
Minkä helmikuu helpottaa sen maaliskuu maksaa.
Helmikuun hellät tuulet maaliskuussa maksetaan.

Jos helmikuussa saa härkä juoda räystään alta, niin maaliskuussa ei saa kukkokaan.

Jos kosket helmikuussa kohisevat, niin Maarian jälkeen ovat tukossa.

Helmikuun suoja on puutteen tuoja.
Kevät on kova, jos helmikuussa on leutoja ilmoja.

Jos helmikuussa sataa paljon lunta, niin kesällä sataa vettä heinän aikaan.

Kun helmikuun aamut ovat sumuisia ja kuuraisia, tulee elokuussa halloja.

Helmikuussa jos on lavapakkasia, tulee usvalava lähelle maata, se tietää kesällä pakkasta Jaakonpäivän aikaan.

Helmikuun ensimmäinen suojapäivä tietää toukokuun samana päivänä sulaa vettä.
Kun metsä ensikerran hangelle kylvää, niin yhdeksän viikon päästä kylvöä tehdään.
Kun Tapio on riihensä puinut, niin siitä on yhdeksän viikoa kevätkylvöjen tekoon.

Helmikuulla pitäisi olla oikein pahat ilmat. Sitten tulee hyvä kevät.

Kun pinot hakataan paita päällä, niin kylvöt tehdään nahat päällä.

Taiat:
Vaahtokuu varikset tuopi.

Jos tahtoo lujan talon rakentaa, pitää hirret hakata helmikuulla.

Historiaa:
Muinaisessa Egyptissä tänään ei ollut hyvä päivä mennä ulos talosta millekään tielle. Koko päivä rukoilua.
Muinaisessa Egyptissä jumalat ovat temppeleiden alttareilla. Iltapäivärukoilu.
Muinaisessa Egyptissä Montun juhla. Koko päivä rukoilua
Muinaisessa Egyptissä Osiris ohjasi laivansa Abydokseen tänään.Koko päivä rukoilua.
Muinaisessa Egyptissä tänään ei kannattanut olla uhkarohkea. Aamunkoiton rukoilu.
Muinaisessa Egyptissä suuri ilon päivän taivaan itäisellä rannalla, kun jumalien seuraajat saivat ohjeet temppeleissään Kahden Horisontin Suurten läsnäollessa.
Muinaisessa Egyptissä Khepri tulee esiin. Kaikki kaupungit iloitsevat.
Muinaisessa Egyptissä Nutin poika Seth tulee esiin, häiritäkseen Suuria.
Muinaisessa Egyptissä älä lähesty Ran majesteettia, kun hän tulee esiin. Älä peseydy tänään vedellä. Aamunkoiton ja iltapäivän rukoilu.
Muinaisessa Egyptissä Ra astuu taivaan laivaansa. Mitä hyvänsä tänään näit oli hyvää. Aamunkoiton rukoilu.
Muinaisessa Egyptissä tänään ei ollut hyvä tehdä mitään. Aamunkoiton rukoilu
Muinaisessa Egyptissä ei ollut hyvä mennä tänään millekään tielle. Iltapäivärukoilu
Muinaisessa Egyptissä epäonnen päivä. Iltapäivärukoilu.
Muinaisessa Egyptissä tänään oli ruokauhrien päivä henkien avuksi kutsumiseksi. Aamunkoiton rukoilu
Muinaisessa Roomassa Terminalia-juhlat

Mitä tänään tapahtui muualla – englanniksi:
0303 Emperor Diocletian orders general persecution of Christians
1455 Johannes Gutenberg prints 1st book, the Bible (estimated date)
1574 France begins 5th Holy War against Huguenots
1660 Charles XI becomes king of Sweden
1668 Fire in Wiener Hofburg in Vienna, emperor Leopold I rescued
1672 Joan Blaeus publishers destroyed by fire in Amsterdam
1689 Dutch prince William III proclaimed king of England
1778 Baron von Steuben joins the Continental Army at Valley Forge
1792 Humane Society of Massachusetts incorporated (erected life-saving stations for distressed mariners)
1792 Joseph Haydn’s 94th Symphony in G, premieres
1804 Conspirators against Napoleon, for restoration of Louis XVIII
1813 1st US raw cotton-to-cloth mill founded in Waltham MA
1820 Cato Street conspiracy uncovered
1821 College of Apothecaries organized in Philadelphia; 1st US pharmacy college
1822 Boston is incorporated as a city
1836 Alamo besieged by Santa Anna; entire garrison eventually killed
1846 Polish revolutionaries march on Cracow, but are defeated
1847 Battle of Buena Vista, M�xico; Zachary Taylor defeats Mexicans
1852 ”H M S Birkenhead” sinks off South Africa killing 420 troops
1854 Great-Britain & Orange Free state sign Convention of Bloemfontein
1861 By popular referendum, Texas becomes 7th state to secede from US
1861 Dutch Premier Floris A van Hall resigns
1861 President-elect Lincoln arrives secretly in Washington DC to take office
1869 Louisiana governor signs public accommodations law
1870 Mississippi is re-admitted to US
1874 Major Walter Winfield patents game called ”sphairistike” (lawn tennis)
1883 Alabama becomes 1st US state to enact an antitrust law
1883 American Anti-Vivisection Society organized (Philadelphia)
1886 Aluminum manufacturing process developed
1886 London Times publishes world’s 1st classified ad
1886 Tsjaikovski’s symphony ”Manfred” premieres
1887 Congress grants Seal Rocks to San Francisco
1887 French/Italian Riviera struck by Earthquake; 2,000 die
1892 1st college student government established, Bryn Mawr PA
1894 Stanley Cup Montr�al AAA’s awarded cup by trustees as Ottawa refuses to travel to Toronto to play
1895 William Heard, AME minister & educator, named minister to Liberia
1895 Jaap Eden skates world record 10 km (17:56)
1896 Tootsie Roll introduced by Leo Hirshfield
1898 In France, Emile Zola is imprisoned for writing his ”J’accuse” letter accusing government of anti-Semitism & wrongly jailing Alfred Dreyfus
1900 Steamer ”Rio de Janeiro” sinks in San Francisco Bay
1900 Battle at Hart’s Hill, South-Africa (Boers vs British army)
1903 Cuban state of Guantanamo leased to USA
1904 Control of Panam� Canal Zone acquired by US for $10 million
1905 Rotary Club International established by 4 men in Chicago
1906 Tommy Burns beats Marvin Hart for heavyweight boxing champion in 20 rounds
1909 Russian tsar Nicolas II dissolves Finnish Diet
1910 1st radio contest held (Philadelphia)
1910 George Bernard Shaw’s ”Misalliance” premieres in London
1915 Germany sinks US ships Carib & Evelyn & torpedoes Norwegian ship Regin
1915 Nevada enforces convenient divorce law
1916 Congress authorizes McKinley Memorial $1 gold coin
1916 French artillery kills entire French 72nd division at Samogneux Verdun
1917 February revolution begins in Russia
1919 Benito Mussolini founds the Facist party of Italy
1921 1st US transcontinental air mail flight arrives in New York NY from San Francisco CA
1923 German Republic day with laws against worker
1923 Great Britain lowers import duty on German products from 26% to 5%
1927 President Coolidge creates Federal Radio Commission (FCC predecessor)
1934 Casey Stengel becomes manager of the Brooklyn Dodgers
1934 Coronation of King Leopold III of Belgium
1936 1st rocket air mail flight, Greenwood Lake NY
1938 Joe Louis KOs Nathan Mann in 3 for heavyweight boxing title
1939 Lou Thesz beats E Marshall in St Louis, to become wrestling champion
1940 Russian troops conquer Lasi Island
1940 Walt Disney’s animated movie ”Pinocchio”, released
1942 Japanese sub fires on oil refinery in Ellwood CA
1943 General-Major Bradley arrives in Dakar & Marrakesh
1943 German troops pull back through Kasserine-pass Tunisia
1945 US Marines raise flag on Iwo Jima, famous photo & statue
1945 2nd Dutch government of Gerbrandy forms in London
1945 Canadian troops occupy Kalkar
1945 Operation Grenade General Simpson’s 9th Army crosses Ruhr
1947 General Eisenhower opens drive to raise $170 million in aid for European Jews
1954 1st mass inoculation with Salk vaccine (Pittsburgh)
1954 Syrian army drives out President Adib el-Shishakli
1955 Edgar Faure forms French government
1956 20th Congress of CPSU closes in Moscow
1956 Russian party leader Khrushchev attacks memory of Stalin
1957 ”Mr Wonderful” closes at Broadway Theater NYC after 383 performances
1958 5-time world driving champion Juan Fangio kidnapped by Cuban rebels
1958 Last Municipal arc light, Mission & 25th removed (installed in 1913)
1958 Arturo Frondizi elected President of Argentina
1958 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
1959 Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Lake Worth Golf Open
1959 KVIE TV channel 6 in Sacramento-Stockton CA (PBS) begins broadcasting
1960 Demolition begins on Brooklyn’s Ebbets Field (opened in 1913)
1962 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1964 Charlie Finley signs a 4 year lease to keep A’s in Kansas City
1965 Constance Baker Motley elected Manhattan Borough president
1966 Aldo Moro forms Italian government
1966 Military coup in Syria ends Bitar government
1966 Premier Obote grabs power in Uganda
1967 25th amendment (Presidential succession) declared ratified
1967 John Herbert’s ”Fortune & Men’s Eyes” premieres in New York NY
1967 Ted Workman replaces Senator Keith Davey as CFL commissioner
1967 US troops begin largest offensive of Vietnam War
1968 Wilt Chamberlain becomes 1st NBAer to score 25,000 points
1969 Nayif Hawatimah forms Democratic People’s Front for Liberation of Palestine
1969 WWVU (now WNPB) TV channel 24 in Morgantown WV (PBS) 1st broadcast
1970 Guyana becomes a republic (National Day)
1970 Holy Eucharist given by women for 1st time in Roman Catholic service
1971 George Harrison is fined & his driving license is suspended for 1 year as a result of several speeding tickets and a dispute with the police
1971 Lieutenant Calley confesses & implicates Captain Medina
1971 Boston Bruins begin 13 NHL game win streak
1973 Gold goes up $10 overnight to record $95 an ounce in London
1974 Teri Garr appears on Bob Newhart Show in ”Confessions of an Orth”
1975 Amy Alcott wins LPGA Orange Blossom Golf Classic
1976 Owners announce spring training won’t open without a labor contract
1978 20th Grammy Awards Hotel California, Fleetwood Mac, Debbie Boone win
1979 Frank Peterson Jr named 1st black general in Marine Corps
1979 George Harrison releases ”George Harrison” album
1979 ”Sarava” opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 140 performances
1980 Eric Heiden wins all 5 speed skating golds at Lake Placid Olympics
1980 Oil tanker explosion off Pilos, Greece, causes 37-million-gallon spill
1980 13th Winter Olympics games close at Lake Placid NY
1980 France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
1981 People magazine features drug ordeal of Mackenzie & Papa John Phillips
1981 Spanish coup under Lieutenant-Colonel Antonio Tejero Molina fails
1982 Michael Frayn’s ”Noises Off” premieres in London
1983 USFL New Jersey Generals sign Heisman winner Herschel Walker (3 years-$5 million)
1983 25th Grammy Awards Rosanna, Toto IV, Men at Work win
1985 Indiana basketball coach Bobby Knight throws a chair during a game
1985 US Senate confirms Edwin Meese III as Attorney General
1986 Despite losing, Red Sox Wade Boggs gets largest arbitration ($1.35M)
1986 Mary Beth Zimmerman wins LPGA Standard Register/Samaritan Golf Classic
1986 Nelli Fiere-Cooman runs world record 60 meter indoor (7.00 seconds)
1987 Supernova 1987A in LMC 1st seen; 1st naked-eye supernova since 1604
1987 Dick Howser retires from managing Kansas City Royals, due to brain tumor
1987 Russian Writers Union accepts Boris Pasternak posthumous as member
1988 15th Winter Olympics games opens in Calgary, Alberta
1988 Chicago gives Cubs right to install lights & play up to 18 night games
1988 Yvonne van Gennip skates female record 3k (4:11.94)
1990 Ian Smith 173 New Zealand vs India, 136 balls, world record for no 9 bat
1991 US insists Iraq publicly announce it is leaving Kuwait by 12 PM EST
1991 Greg Haugen scores a split decision over Hector ”Macho” Camacho
1991 Military coup in Thailand, Premier Choonhaven arrested
1991 North Carolina is 1st NCAA basketball team to win 1,500 games
1991 Patty Sheehan wins LPGA Orix Hawaiian Ladies Golf Open
1992 16th Winter Olympics games close in Albertville, France
1992 Andy Flower scores 115 on ODI debut, Zimbabwe vs Sri Lanka
1993 Gary Coleman wins $1,280,000 lawsuit against parents for high fees
1993 India complete a 3-0 series drubbing of England
1993 Sacramento Gold Miners admitted as CFL’s 9th franchise (1st US team)
1994 Indians owner Richard Jacobs announces he will pay $10 million to name baseball field (Jacobs Field) at Gateway (becomes official 3/23)
1995 ”Uncle Vanya” opens at Circle in Square Theater NYC for 29 performances
1995 Antoine Nduwayo appointed Premier of Burundi
1995 Dow Jones closes above 4,000 for 1st time (4,003.33)
1996 Mark Waugh scores 130 in World Cup vs Kenya, 207 w/brother Steve
1996 Rajindra Dhanraj takes 9-97 for Trinidad against Leeward Islands
1997 Ali Abu Kamal opens fire in Empire State Building & kills 1
1997 American Express Senior Golf Invitational
1997 Jeff Sluman wins Tucson Golf Classic
1997 NBC TV shows ”Schindler’s List”, completely uncensored, 65 million watch
1997 Scientists in Scotland announced they succeeded in cloning an adult mammal, producing a lamb named ”Dolly”
1997 Tucson Chrysler Golf Classic
1998 Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Charleston SC on WAVF 96.1 FM
1998 Supreme Court lets Megan’s Law stand
1998 Tornadoes in Florida kills at least 31

Tämä päivä ruuanlaiton historiassa:
– National Banana Bread Day.
– International Dog Biscuit Appreciation Day

1603 Andrea Cesalpino died. An Italian philosopher and botanist, he helped establish botany as a separate science. He concentrated on fruits and seeds, and he classified them by logical principles, instead of their supposed medical properties.

1850 Cesar Ritz was born in Niederwald, Switzerland. He managed the Grand Hotel in Monte Carlo and the Grand Hotel in Lucerne, Switzerland. He also worked with Escoffier at the Savoy and Carlton in London. In 1898 he opened the first hotel with his name, The Ritz Hotel in Paris. His name and his hotels became synonymous with the luxury.

1879 Agnes Arber was born. She was a British botanist, who wrote ’Herbals: Their Origin and Evolution’ (1912) and ’The Gramineae: A Study of Cereal, Bamboo and Grass.’

1884 Casimir Funk was born. Funk was a Polish-American biochemist who came up with the word ’vitamine’ later changed to ’vitamin.’

1896 Leo Hirshfield introduced the Tootsie Roll at his small store in New York City. It was supposedly named after his 5 year old daughter, whose nickname was ’Tootsie.’

1931 Helen Porter Mitchel died. You probably do not recognize that name, but you may recognize her stage name, Nellie Melba. A world famous operatic soprano born in Australia, Melba Toast and Peach Melba were named for her. Escoffier is thought to have been involved with the creation and/or naming of both dishes

1944 Leo Hendrik Baekeland was born. He was a chemist who invented Bakelite, the first plastic that did not soften when heated. Those black plastic knobs on stoves were made of bakelite.

1997 Scientists in Scotland announced the first successful cloning of an adult mammal, Dolly, a sheep.

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